Material resources (and biological entities) have life cycles during which they participate in the socio-economic interactions of human society[1]. An entity (ens) has a life time, during which it exists at each point in time. This is called the continuant property.

For material ens and money, this means they must be at a unique location. Their consumption is rivalrous. Content on the other hand may exist simultaneously at multiple places. Its consumption is non-rivalrous. There are two remarkable cases here:

Emission accounting is a Technotope "Capability" that can be used to compare alternatives of service and goods provisioning, and regulate them (for instance as intended by EU Taxonomy work).

Each material entity has an ontogenic life cycle in which it is produced and consumed as part of pico (of individual persons) and micro (of businesses and agencies) journeys. Its position in the Public sphere is typically determined in #cpc91111 - Executive and legislative services that refer to families of goods and services (phylogenic life cycle).

Entities that are mutually exchangeable or non-distinguishable have a collective typogenic life cycle: for instance all cars of type X produced by manufacturer Y (active in #isic2910 - Manufacture of motor vehicles).

A phylogenic life cycle refers to the collective existence of all entities with comparable functions, for instance all cars (#cpc49113 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (except public-transport type)).

The Central Product Classification v. 2.1 constitutes a complete product classification covering goods and services and is supportive to the scoping of #cpc91111 - Executive and legislative services.

Resource management policies and procedures will involve the ontogeny, typogeny and phylogeny of entities.

The ontological characteristics will influence the options for such policies and procedures, especially for what concerns: (i) the use, depletion and discovery of resources; (ii) the stocks and flows of resources; and (iii) technologies required for handling the resource, recycling and substitution.