Number of Parties to, and number of national reports on the implementation of, international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous chemicals and waste ( BBB )

This indicator is proposed as an indicator for Sustainable Development Target 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment


15.5 (and disaggregated versions for other targets )



  • Responsible entities and national availability: IUCN Red List Partnership

( Available globally since 1980s, and can be disaggregated to national and regional levels (Rodrigues et al. 2014 PLoS ONE 9(11): e113934).

  • Data sources: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (; specifically for species coded under “9 Pollution” in the Threats Classification Scheme

( classification-scheme).