Name of the Constraint : External public and publicly guaranteed debt

How to measure: Usually it is measured by the debt-to-export ratio ( PV/X (Indicator Dictionary)), or the debt-to-government revenues ratio.

Description: In the HIPC Initiative (Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative), a debt-to-export ratio of 150% or more is considered unsustainable.

Owner: The Ministry of Finance of a country

Impacted Actors: All government departments, and the constituencies they have to serve. As declared in Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, governments have several duties vis-a-vis their citizens. Which human rights come under pressure as governments fail to meet their duties in the different functional areas can be seen in each country's statute book.

Impacted Spheres: unsustainable debt acts as a constraint to all public services where government action is involved, this is at the national level of scope for macro journeys - #cofog hashtags: